Which of the following is correct about the composition of plasma

The Correct Answer is. The two sides of the plasma membrane have different lipid and protein composition. Reason Explained. The two sides of the plasma membrane have different lipid and protein composition is correct for Which of the following statements about a typical plasma membrane is correct Which one of the following regarding blood composition is correct? (a) Plasma - Blood + Lymphocyte (b) Serum - Blood + Fibrinogen (c) Lymph - Plasma + RBC + WBC (d) Blood - Plasma + RBC + WBC + Platelet

Which one of the following regarding blood composition is

  1. is 60% of the total protein portion. C. Protein is the second most abundant plasma solute by weight. D. The most abundant nitrogenous waste is urea. E. Water represents 72% by weight
  2. Blood plasma is composed of plasma, RBC, WBC and platelets. In blood, the serum is the component that is neither a blood cell (serum does not contain white or red blood cells) nor a clotting factor; it is the blood plasma with the fibrinogens removed. Hence the correct option is B. Answer verified by Topp
  3. Which of the following statements about the role of phospholipids in the structure and function of biological membranes is correct? Phospholipids form a selectively permeable structure. The plasma membrane is referred to as a fluid mosaic structure

Typically across all life, the plasma membrane of cells is made up of a bilipid layer of phospholipids. The phosphate ends of the molecules, which are hydrophilic hence 'face' the interior and exterior of the cells Composition of Blood Plasma. Blood Plasma is the straw colored liquid portion of the blood. 92% is composed of water and the rest 8% is made up of plasma proteins. It is mostly composed of dissolved proteins, mineral ions, glucose, clotting factors and carbon dioxide

Chapter 19: Blood Flashcards Quizle

D. Plasma membrane do not have surface tension (4). Which of the following statements best describes the chemical composition of plasma membrane? A. Plasma membrane is composed of two layers—one layer of phospholipids and one layer of proteins B) The normal pH of blood is 6.8 to 7.0. C) Blood is more viscous than water. D) Blood is about 55 percent plasma. E) Cells in blood comprise the formed elements. B) The normal pH of blood is 6.8 to 7.0 (the normal pH is 7.35 to 7.45) 5

Which one of the following is correct? - Toppr As

The plasma membrane is a covalently linked network of phospholipids and proteins that controls the movement of solutes into and out of a cell. c. Carbohydrates on the membrane surface are important in determining the overall bilayer structure. d. The two sides of the plasma membrane have different lipid and protein composition Plasma, also called blood plasma, the liquid portion of blood.Plasma serves as a transport medium for delivering nutrients to the cells of the various organs of the body and for transporting waste products derived from cellular metabolism to the kidneys, liver, and lungs for excretion.It is also a transport system for blood cells, and it plays a critical role in maintaining normal blood pressure The main difference between the composition of lymph and interstitial fluid and the composition of plasma is the _____ percentage of _____ in lymph and interstitial fluid. a. lower; proteins b. higher; proteins c. lower; fats d. higher; fats ANS: A 2. Which of the following is a true statement? a

Chapter 7 membrane structure and function Flashcards Quizle

The correct answer is D. The two sides of the plasma membrane have different lipid and protein composition. The cell membrane is considered to have a fluid-mosaic structure in which various molecules are present, yet the membrane is flexible. The most abundant molecule of the membrane is the phospholipid. These occur in two layers with the. Which of the following is true about cerebrospinal fluid? A. Cerebrospinal fluid is identical in composition to blood plasma. B. Cerebrospinal fluid is made during fetal development and does not change through the lifetime of the person. C. There is about one liter of cerebrospinal fluid within the brain and spinal cord. D There are many cellular structures in the composition of blood. When a sample of blood is spun in a centrifuge machine, they separate into the following constituents: Plasma, buffy coat and erythrocytes. Plasma. The liquid state of blood can be contributed to plasma as it makes up ~55% of blood Blood is one of the most important components of life and performs several functions in the body. Let us solve an interesting quiz based on blood and its composition which will help in the.

Which of the following statements about a typical plasma

  1. Composition of the Blood. When a sample of blood is spun in a centrifuge, the cells and cell fragments are separated from the liquid intercellular matrix. Because the formed elements are heavier than the liquid matrix, they are packed in the bottom of the tube by the centrifugal force. The light yellow colored liquid on the top is the plasma.
  2. It is formed by the collection of the interstitial fluid into the lymph capillaries. It appears milky white due to its lipid content. Proteins and excess interstitial fluid are returned to the bloodstream by lymph. So, the correct answer is option B
  3. 2. Explain the association of carbohydrate to the plasma membrane and its significance. 3. Comment on the cartwheel structure of centriole. 4. Briefly describe the cell theory. 5. Differentiate between Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (RER) and Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum (SER). 6. Give the biochemical composition of plasma membrane. How are lipi
  4. Which of the following describes the characteristics of a plasma? (3 points) a Particles are packed closely together, have low compressibility, and usually maintain their organized, set shape. b Particles are positively and negatively charged, have high compressibility, and spread out to fill a container. c Particles move around in a semi-organized way, take the shape of a container, and fill.

Which of the following is a true statement about blood: a. contains more cells than plasma. b. contains more plasma than cells. c. contains equal volume of cells and plasma. Learn this topic by watching Blood Concept Videos. All Anatomy & Physiology Practice Problems Blood Practice Problems. See all problems in Blood Blood is made up of plasma and solid components. Of these, the larger part is plasma, comprising about 55%. It appears as a straw-colored fluid and is composed mainly of water, but also carries.

The mixture has the composition throughout & the same uniform appearance in every step; Many homogeneous mixtures are generally referred to as solutions. Example: Some examples of homogeneous mixtures: including air, mixture, saline solution, most alloys, and bitumen, blood plasma, etc. Download Question With Solution PDF › (which are both ECF); these differences in composition are due to the Gibbs-Donnan effect of plasma protein, whereby interstitial fluid has a slighter higher concentration of small anions (e.g., Cl-) and a slighter lower concentration of small cations (e.g., Na+) than plasma. Solute Plasma Interstitial Intracellular Na+, mmol/L 144 140 1 The following controls allow the user to switch between different schemes for determining the composition Z Eff profile over the course of the run. Be aware that these controls effectively overwrite the ones in the previous section when set (by default there is no time switching and the previous controls apply)

Composition of Blood - Bodytom

  1. 6. Give the biochemical composition of the plasma membrane. How are lipid molecules arranged in the membrane? Solution: The plasma membrane is composed of proteins, lipids, water and carbohydrates. The ratio of lipids and proteins varies considerably in different types of cells. The major lipids are phospholipids that are arranged in a bilayer
  2. The composition of blood. Blood represents 8% of your body mass (5.6 litres for a 70 kg adult male). Blood has a unique composition because of its function to transport an array of substances, such as nutrients, gases, ions, heat and hormones to and from cells. It is very likely that you have provided a blood sample at some point
  3. Plasma is a clear and yellowish fluid part of the blood. 2. Composition: Serum is the water fluid from blood without the clotting factors. Plasma is the blood fluid that contains blood clotting agents. 3. Volume: Volume of serum is less in comparison to plasma. Plasma is a clear yellow liquid which is 55% of total volume of blood. 4. Isolatio
  4. The structural composition ratio includes lipids making up 20% - 80% of the plasma membrane-based upon where it is present. When asked the plasma membrane is made up of which two components the answer is the lipids and the proteins. The plasma membrane is composed of a phospholipid bilayer, i.e. two layers set up back-to-back

Composition of Blood Blood has two components- blood plasma and formed elements. Blood plasma is a watery liquid extracellular matrix that contains dissolved substances. While the formed elements are the cell and cell fragments. Blood has about 45% formed elements and 55% blood plasma The resulting mixture of neutral atoms, free electrons, and charged ions is called a plasma. A plasma has some unique qualities that causes scientists to label it a fourth phase of matter. A plasma is a fluid, like a liquid or gas, but because of the charged particles present in a plasma, it responds to and generates electro-magnetic forces Lesson Worksheet: Components of the Blood. Start Practising. In this worksheet, we will practice describing the structure and function of the major components of the blood. Q1: The given table shows some of the functions of different components of the blood. State the correct component for each function Composition of the Cell Membrane & Functions The cell membrane is also called the plasma membrane and is made of a phospholipid bilayer . The phospholipids have a hydrophilic (water attracting) heads and two hydrophobic (water repelling) tails. The head of a phospholipid is made of an alcohol and glycerol group, while th The plasma also contains the coagulation factors and antibodies. Serum, the plasma component of blood which lacks coagulation factors, is similar to interstitial fluid in which the correct composition of key ions acting as electrolytes is essential for normal functioning of muscles and nerves

Cytology Quiz: Cell Membrane (Plasma Membrane) Easy

Recall that blood is a connective tissue. Like all connective tissues, it is made up of cellular elements and an extracellular matrix. The cellular elements—referred to as the formed elements —include red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and cell fragments called platelets.The extracellular matrix, called plasma, makes blood unique among connective tissues because it is fluid The plasma membrane is composed primarily of proteins and lipids in all cases. The plasma membrane is seen as a thin wavy line around the surface of the protoplast under the electron mi­croscope. The tripartite structure of the plasma membrane with dark-light-dark structures can be seen at higher magnification - CORRECT 34. which of the following is the principal buffer in interstitial fluid? a. hemoglobin b. carbonic acid - CORRECT c. H2PO4 d. protein buffer 35.Dehydration increases the plasma concentration of all of the following hormones EXCEPT: a. atrial natriuretic peptide - CORRECT b. angiotension II c. aldosteron d. vasopressin 36 The asymmetrical distribution of membrane proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates across the plasma membrane is determined as the membrane is being constructed. The two lipid layers may differ in specific lipid composition. Every integral membrane protein has a specific orientation in the plasma membrane. All of the listed responses are correct As a source reference you can include the following: Website: www.table-references.info (Blood - Composition Blood Plasma) When you like to refer directly to the presented table from your own website the following link can be used in your anchor statement for the field href: The correct table will be presented directly

d. plasma cells e. hepatocytes 31. All of the following have ribosomes attached to them except a. nuclear envelope b. tRNA c. endoplasmic reticulum d. each other e. phagosomes 32. Which one of the following parts of a cell lacks a bounding memberane? a. nucleolus b. endoplasmic reticulum c. lysosomes d. Golgi complex e. nucleus 33 Which of the following statements is true concerning human blood? a) The blood of all normal humans contains red and white cells, platelets, and plasma. b) Some human populations normally lack the ability to produce plasma. c) Proteins are not normal components of human blood The composition of the filtrate in the Bowman's capsule is determined by A. pH. B. enzymes. The composition of the glomerular filtrate in a healthy person is identical to plasma, except for the amount of A. salt. B. protein. C. glucose. D. carbon dioxide. which of the following gives the correct order of urine formation? A. 1, 3, 4, 2.

Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a clear, colourless ultrafiltrate of plasma with low protein content and few cells. The CSF is mainly produced by the choroid plexus, but also by the ependymal lining cells of the brain's ventricular system. CSF flows through the ventricular system and then into the suba Recall that blood is a connective tissue. Like all connective tissues, it is made up of cellular elements and an extracellular matrix. The cellular elements—referred to as the formed elements—include red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells (WBCs), and cell fragments called platelets.The extracellular matrix, called plasma, makes blood unique among connective tissues because it is fluid Albumin (Human) 20% is a sterile, liquid preparation of albumin derived from large pools of human plasma. All units of human plasma used in the manufacture of Albumin (Human) 20% are provided by FDA approved blood establishments only. The product is manufactured by cold ethanol fractionation followed by ultra- and diafiltration

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animal-physiology. Cells change the composition of their plasma membranes as a response to changing environments. In general, colder temperatures reduce the fluidity of the membrane, so cells will produce different molecules to bring the fluidity back to normal. asked Sep 19, 2015 in Biology & Microbiology by Pogba. general-biology True or False Excess blood plasma in the bloodstream initiates the thirst mechanism to restore fluid balance. FALSE. True or False Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) causes increased water loss through the urine. FALSE. True or False The most important trigger for aldosterone release is the renin-angiotensin mechanism, mediated by the renal tubules. TRU

The volume of distribution (Vd) is a pharmacokinetic parameter representing an individual drug's propensity to either remain in the plasma or redistribute to other tissue compartments. By definition, Vd is a proportionality constant that relates the total amount of drug in the body to the plasma concentration of the drug at a given time.[1][2][3] The following equation can represent Vd Both of them possess a region called the Nucleoid where their genetic material is located. Plasma membrane that surrounds the cell and maintains integrity of the cell structure is present in both Bacteria and Archaea. Although the composition of lipid in the plasma membrane is different in each. However, they vary in their cell wall composition Question : Read the following statements and choose the correct option <br> (i) Glomerular filtration rate in a healthy individual is about 180 ml/day <br> (ii) All constituents of plasma pass into lumen of Bowman's capsule <br> (iii) 70 - 80% of electrolystes and water are absorbed in PCT <br> (iv) Angiotensin II increases the glomerular blood pressure and GFR <br> (v) Counter current system. The cell membrane (plasma membrane) is a thin semi-permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of a cell. Its function is to protect the integrity of the interior of the cell by allowing certain substances into the cell while keeping other substances out. It also serves as a base of attachment for the cytoskeleton in some organisms and the.

This fraction of plasma protein contains these different β-lipoproteins which are very rich in lipid content. It also contains transferrin (siderophilin) which transports non-heme iron in plasma. The normal serum value of β-globulins is 0.91 gm/100ml. Transferrin is an iron transport protein. In plasma, it can be saturated even up to 33% with. ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Definition and Sources of Tissue Fluid 2. Composition of Tissue Fluid 3. Functions 4. Aggregation. Definition and Sources of Tissue Fluid: Tissue fluid is formed from the plasma by process of diffusion and filtration. This fluid occupies the intracellular space and forms the connecting link in [

General Order Summary of Molecule Types that can pass through the cell plasma Membrane . All 3 of these aforementioned factors combine together to play a role on whether or not a molecule or ion can cross through the cell membrane, the phospholipid bilayer.In this section, we share a general summary of the types of molecules that can diffuse through the cell membrane in order of difficulty of. Fresh Frozen Plasma. FFP contains approximately 1IU per ml of each clotting factor, is prepared from whole blood (or apheresis), is frozen at −18°C or colder within 8 hours of collection (or within 6 hours with the use of some storage bags after apheresis collection), and has a frozen shelf-life of 1 year

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Chemistry Organic And Biological Chemistry In which of the following pairs of plasma lipoprotein types does the first listed member of the pair have a greater cholesterol content, by mass, than the second listed member? a. LDL and HDL b. VLDL and LDL c. chylomicron and HDL d. no correct respons Oxygen requirements have played a major role in determining both the composition of blood and the architecture of the circulatory system. In some simple animals, including small worms and mollusks, transported oxygen is merely dissolved in the plasma.Larger and more-complex animals, which have greater oxygen needs, have pigments capable of transporting relatively large amounts of oxygen A biological membrane, biomembrane or cell membrane is a selectively permeable membrane that separates cell from the external environment or creates intracellular compartments.Biological membranes, in the form of eukaryotic cell membranes, consist of a phospholipid bilayer with embedded, integral and peripheral proteins used in communication and transportation of chemicals and ions 19. The composition of the glomerular filtrate may be best compared to the composition of: A.blood B.plasma C.cytoplasm D.urine 20. The tube that transports urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder is the: A.urethra B.ureter C.collecting duct D.proximal convoluted tubule

Which of the following is not true about plasma a) its

Plasma membranes range from 5 to 10 nm in thickness. For comparison, human red blood cells, visible via light microscopy, are approximately 8 µm wide, or approximately 1,000 times wider than a plasma membrane. The proportions of proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates in the plasma membrane vary with cell type Composition of Blood 1. What is the blood volume of an average-size adult male? liters An average adult female? liters 2. What determines whether blood is bright red or a dull brick-red? 3. Use the key to identify the cell type(s) or blood elements that fit the following descriptive statements. Key: a. red blood cell d. basophil g. lymphocyt Measuring the plasma composition in tokamaks 3 FIGURE 1. Lines of sight and measurement positions of the diagnostics included in the integrated data analysis. Additional information can also be included for the following quantities: electron density and temperature measurements from light detection and ranging (LIDAR

which of the following statements about a typical plasma

A diagram showing the composition of the blood, including the plasma. Some common plasma proteins include albumin, which is by far the most common, along with fibrinogen and globulin, which is broken into globulin alpha, globulin beta, and globulin gamma. Trace amounts of other proteins can also be found in the blood plasma, usually in concentrations of less than one percent of the total. plasma. This is because the cells interact with the serum/plasma, altering its chemical composition and affecting test results. The longer a specimen remains in contact with cellular elements, the greater the effect on the test results. In general, processing should occu

Plasma contains about 92 percent water. This water helps to fill up blood vessels, which keeps blood and other nutrients moving through the heart. The remaining 8 percent of plasma contains. Blood makes up about 8% of the human body weight. It contains erythrocytes, leucocytes, thrombocytes (platelets) and plasma.. The volume percentage of all blood cells in the whole blood is about 45% of adults (hematocrit). The rest consists of liquid plasma (e.g. water, plasma proteins, electrolytes etc.) Plasma showed lower protein content and dry matter than liq- uid whole egg. Within the operational conditions studied, plasma contained 74-85% of egg cholesterol Which of the following is the correct definition of first-pass effect of a drug? A)The point when the total amount of drug in a human does not change over multiple loading does intervals B)The time it takes for the plasma concentration of drug in the body to be reduced by 50 Plasma is the only major fluid compartment that exists as a real fluid collection all in one location. It differs from ISF in its much higher protein content and its high bulk flow (transport function). Blood contains suspended red and white cells so plasma has been called the 'interstitial fluid of the blood'

The major components of blood include plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Plasma: This major constituent of blood comprises about 55 percent of blood volume. It consists of water with several different substances dissolved within. Plasma contains salts, proteins, and blood cells. Plasma also transports nutrients, sugars. Fresh Frozen Plasma (FFP) is defined as the fluid portion of one unit of human blood that has been centrifuged, separated, and frozen solid at -18 C (or colder) within 6 hours of collection. Other single-donor plasma units, either frozen or liquid, may be substituted for FFP 2D Fokker-Planck diffusion simulation of the temporal evolution of phase space density of plasma sheet electrons at L = 6 (corrected version of Figure 3 in Tao et al. []) due to resonant wave scattering using a statistical model of nightside plasma waves obtained from CRRES under geomagnetically moderate conditions (100 nT < AE* < 300 nT)

plasma Definition, Function, & Composition Britannic

2. QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE COMPOSITION . Human normal immunoglobulin (IVIg) One ml contains 100 mg human normal immunoglobulin (purity of at least 95% IgG) Each vial of . 10 ml. contains: 1 g of human normal immunoglobulin . Each vial of 25 ml contains: 2.5 g of human normal immunoglobuli Cell Membrane (Plasma Membrane) - Structure, Function and Composition. The cell membrane is a phospholipid bi-layer into which proteins, glycoproteins, and glycolipids are ingrained. The cell membrane is also known as plasma membrane or plasmalemma. This membrane separates the fluid outside the cell called extracellular fluid (ECF) and the. Composition of blood and its functions. Blood is a suspension of blood elements (erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets) in blood plasma. Blood elements can be separated from blood plasma using centrifugal force. Figure shows that the most descended are erythrocytes - the volume of erythrocytes in a sample of blood is called the hematocrit Plasma membrane and cell membrane are often mistaken for different concepts. However, both terminologies refer to the same concept:. Plasma membrane / Cell membrane refers to the biological membrane which separates the interior of the cell from the cell's extracellular space Following are the key points that could be helpful in understanding the difference between plasma and serum. Difference in Definition: Serum is that part of blood which is similar in composition with plasma but exclude clotting factors of blood. Fibrinogen is a protein that is involved in blood coagulation

exam 2 bio - Chapter 31 Lymphatic System 1 The main

Step by step video, text & image solution for Assertion : The glomerular filtrate resembles the protein free plasma in composition and osmotic pressure . <br> Reason : The glomerular capillary wall and inner membrane of Bowman's capsule are impermeable to large molecules The following main future R&D topics in plasma catalysis can be identified from the analogy with EPC: or thermal catalysis and therefore to define its true complementarity with other technologies. and electron density, and thereby the plasma composition, including the excitation of plasma species. For example, in packed-bed reactors. The atmosphere of the sun is composed of several layers, mainly the photosphere, the chromosphere and the corona. It's in these outer layers that the sun's energy, which has bubbled up from the. Blood contains to red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasma which constitutes water, proteins, hormones, O_2, CO_2, glucose, salt, enzymes. Tissue fluid contains to O_2, CO_2, sugars, salts, amino acids, hormones, coezymes & white blood cells. Lymph contains to CO_2, proteins, glucose and white blood cells. Blood that is red fluid flows through arteries, veins & capillaries

Plasma membranes were isolated from leaves using a two-phase aqueous polymer partition system. Compared with well-hydrated (control) leaves, dehydrated leaves suffered a reduction of about 75 % in their plasma membrane lipid content, which returned to the control level following rewatering A few of the articles reviewed measured composition on a per-ejaculate basis, and from a diagnostic point of view, per-ejaculate results may be more useful (Grizard et al, 1985). The overwhelming majority of the articles reviewed, however, measured composition on a per-volume basis, and this is the basis used throughout our study The plasma jet with the shielding gas device is mounted to a glass chamber with a volume of . Both feed gas and shielding gas flux of the plasma jet are controlled using mass flow controllers (MFC, MKS Instruments, USA). In the acquired measurements the shielding gas composition was varied from pure nitrogen to pure oxygen Cell Biology 02: The Plasma Membrane. Feb 10, 2013 • ericminikel • bios-e-16 This semester I'm taking a Cell Biology class at Harvard Extension.. My plan is to turn my notes from each lecture into a blog post, figuring out how everything we learned relates to PrP (and maybe huntingtin) along the way

7. Which of the following is true about cerebrospinal ..

Which Best Describes The Structure Labeled X In The

Plasma Membrane Coloring Worksheet Answer Key ¦ Mychaume.com Read Free Cell Membrane And Tonicity Worksheet Answer Key Cell Membrane & Tonicity Worksheet Composition of the Cell Membrane & Functions The cell membrane is also called the PLASMA membrane and is made of a phospholipid BI-LAYER. The phospholipids have a Page 3/ The phosphoglycerides and sphingolipids can be combined as one class, the phospholipids. These are the classical membrane lipid, formed of a polar head group and two hydrophobic fatty acid tails. The fatty acid tails typically contain between 14-24 carbon atoms. One of the two tails is unsaturated and therefore contains one or more cis-double. In this connection the following question is of special interest: whether or not the inorganic substance ordering occurred in a plasma torch at the stage of prebiotic evolution. It is supposed that the necessity of inorganic substance ordering in the process of OC synthesis is an important and accepted condition for the appearance of living matter

Attempts to generate plasma in liquids have been successful and various devices have been proposed. Many reports have described the optimal conditions needed to generate plasma, and mechanisms have been inferred, together with the composition of the plasma. Elucidation of a stable method (and mechanism) to generate 2018 Open Access Week Collection 2017 and 2018 RSC Advances Reviews from Around. Defence: clotting following a wound Composition of Blood Plasma: pale yellow sticky liquid; 55% of blood volume. Components: water 92%, dissolved protein 8%, glucose, amino acids, vitamins, minerals (mainly NaCl), urea, CO2, hormones, antibodies. Blood Cells Red Blood Cells • Tiny (8µ) biconcave disc-shaped cells (thus large SA) Which of the following types of plasma lipoproteins transports cholesterol synthesized in the liver to cells through the human body? a. HDLs b. LDLs c. VLDLs d. no correct response. close. Start your trial now! First week only $4.99! arrow_forward. Buy Find launch. Organic And Biological Chemistry Two proteins with the same amino acid.

#27 Summary of Cell membrane | Biology Notes for A levelHf isotopic composition of standard silicate rocksBIO 112 test 2 study guide - 1 Which of the followingAPII Notes Home PageDefinition, Composition, and Functions of Blood - The

Title: Body Composition 19. Which of the following statements is (are) true concerning DXA? *a. It can be used to estimate bone density as well as body composition (fat and fat-free mass). b. It is considered a densitometric technique. c. Measurements are made while the subject is submerged underwater. d. None of these is correct. Title: Body. Level 2 science on surface geology and composition can then be further enhanced by addition of the following: 3D Ion Neutral Mass Spectrometer (INMS), 3D plasma electron spectrometer (ELS), and hot plasma energetic particle instrument The interaction of high-energy pulsed laser beams with matter is a field of greater and greater importance since the discovery of lasers. Depending on the application required, the state of the matter wherein the laser is focused can be solid, liquid, gas or even plasma. In the case of gas medium, techniques are being developed to determine the elemental composition of trace elements present. Gases, liquids and solids are all made up of atoms, molecules, and/or ions, but the behaviors of these particles differ in the three phases. The following figure illustrates the microscopic differences